DIVERSITY IN PRODUCT SELECTION AND THRESHOLDS FOR PLATELETS TRANSFUSION IN NEONATES AND PREMATURE INFANTS Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Introduction: Many premature and full-term newborns receive prophylactic platelet transfusions to prevent bleeding, particularly the most prevalent one, i.e, intracranial hemorrhages. However,the platelet count threshold above which bleeding is prevented and the efficacy of platelet transfusion in thrombocytopenic neonates, have yet to be established. Therefore, inter-Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICU) variations in treatment indications and practices are expected. Considerable inter-NICU variations will emphasize the need for guidelines on platelet transfusions to neonates and premature infants. Aims: To examine platelet products selection and indications for transfusion among neonatologists in Israel. Research and Methods: Electronic questionnaires addressing the choice of platelet products and the platelet count threshold for transfusion in various clinical settings were sent to 25 neonatal units. Results: All 25 neonatal units responded (100% response rate). There was considerable variation in product selection among the different neonatal units. Up to 24% of the participating units reported selecting nontraditional products. Variation was also found in thresholds for platelet transfusion – several units used high thresholds while others used low ones. Traditional guidelines were followed in up to 64% of cases in selected clinical scenarios. Conclusions: There is considerable variation in both platelet product selection and platelet count thresholds for transfusion among the different neonatal units. Discussion: A low threshold for platelet transfusion increases the risk for bleeding, whereas a high threshold increases the prevalence of complications from transfusion of blood products. Adherence to guidelines may prevent both such sequelae. Summary: Such variation in platelet transfusion among neonatologists emphasizes the need for an accepted policy. We recommend setting up a committee of neonatologists, pediatric hematologists and blood service experts which aims to establish an appropriate policy regarding the prevention of platelet transfusion sequelae in newborns. •

publication date

  • August 1, 2016