Impact of simulation and clinical experience on self-efficacy in nursing students: Intervention study Academic Article uri icon


  • Abstract This study compared the effect of simulation and clinical experience timing on self- confidence/self-efficacy for the nursing process. Using a randomized, double-crossover design, self-efficacy was measured 3 times. Although self-efficacy was significantly higher at time 1 for students who had clinical experience, there was no difference between the groups at the end of the course (time 2). Thus, simulation increased self-confidence/self-efficacy equivalently if placed either before or after clinical experience.

publication date

  • January 1, 2016