Short range order in anomalous liquid metals Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Liquid metals with anomalous physical properties such as increasing sound velocity with temperature or density anomalies, exhibit a complex structure in their one dimensional experimental diffraction patterns. Typically, their radial distribution functions are characterized by an asymmetric first peak and a subsidiary peak or shoulder on the right hand side of the first main peak. It has been hypothesized that the complex structure is associated with short range ordering the liquid. Specifically in the liquid pnictides, it has been proposed that such order may be associated with the underlying solid A7 structure. We present an analysis of the short range order in liquids using a modified quasi-crystalline model of liquid structure. This model is shown to fit the experimental radial distribution function very well and to reproduce the experimentally observed structure factor. Using this model we find that the short range order in the liquid pnictides is dominated by an A7-like structure with two types of bonds, in close agreement with the underlying solid phase. The existence of two bond lengths is necessary within this model to explain the asymmetry in the first peak as well as the change in coordination number along the pnictide series. The quasi-crystalline model is discussed and shown to correlate with the Lindemann melting criterion.

publication date

  • January 1, 2012