From A" Humble Humbug" to the" Powerful Placebo": The Image of the Placebo in the Orthodox-Alternative Medicine Debate Academic Article uri icon


  • In October 2000, at the World Medical Association Conference in Edinburgh, a number of alterations to the Helsinki Declaration were passed. 1 This declaration, which was first formulated in 1964 and has since been changed a number of times, was designed to establish the rules for what is permissible and what is forbidden in medical research on humans. The vote on changes to the declaration, which was accompanied by a fiery debate that has been raging for a number of years already, constitutes one of the apparent sites …

publication date

  • January 1, 2004