Significant differences in the expected versus observed longevity of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) Academic Article uri icon


  • Background Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) is a life-saving therapy for patients at risk of ventricular arrhythmias. Due to its high cost, its cost-effectiveness is highly dependent on its longevity, which is currently only based upon the manufacturer’s predicted device life span.

publication date

  • January 1, 2013