A mechanism for spatio-temporal disorder in bistable reaction-diffusion systems Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • In bistable systems, the stability of front structures often influences the dynamics of extended patterns. We show how the combined effect of an instability to curvature modulations and proximity to a pitchfork front bifurcation leads to spontaneous nucleation of spiral waves along the front. This effect is demonstrated by direct simulations of a FitzHugh-Nagumo (FHN) model and by simulations of order parameter equations for the front velocity and curvature. Spontaneous spiral-wave nucleation often results in a state of spatio-temporal disorder involving repeated events of spiral wave nucleation, domain spliting and spiral wave annihilation.

publication date

  • January 1, 1996