- SUMMARY We have used the 3-Methylcholanthrene induced T-10 fibrosarcoma tumour cell system (H-2b xH-2k)F1 to elucidate the possible correlation between metastatic potential, expression of individual H-2 antigens and susceptibility to NK cells. Transfection of the non-metastatic and NK sensitive IC9 cells (Db+, Dk-, Kb-, Kk-) with the H-2Dk gene, altered the metastatic phenotype of the parental cells, yet had no effect on the susceptibility of these tumour cells to lysis by NK and did not elicit a specific CTL response in syngeneic hosts. Variants of the metastatic and NK resistant IE7 clone (Db+, Dk+, Kb-, Kk-), lacking H-2Dk, were selected by treatment with monoclonal anti H-2Dk antibodies and complement. These variants were sensitive to NK and poorly or non metastatic. Retransfection of ‘Dk′loss’ variants with the H-2Dk gene, resulted in the isolation of several clones expressing a wide range of metastatic phenotypes but maintained sensitivity to NK. These results indicate that the H-2D region of the MHC and or closely linked genes may be involved in the complex interrelationship between target susceptibility to NK and metastasis.