Can Short Antibiotic Treatment be Widely Used in Developed Countries Academic Article uri icon


  • It is estimated that there are 5-9 episodes of acute respiratory infections (ARI) per year/under 5 children, the vast majority of which are viral. Some 2-3% of these episodes represent pneumonia and between 7-13%(some 11-17 million acute lower respiratory infections are severe enough to require hospital admission. Despite numerous advances in understanding the burden and epidemiology of childhood respiratory pneumonia, the disorder still accounts for almost 1.8 million child deaths annually, 98% in developing countries. It is widely stated that in developing countries, most pneumonia is bacterial and most acute respiratory infection related deaths are due to pneumonia, however, the exact proportion of these infections which are related to viral or bacterial infections is unclear. Given the high burden of deaths in young children, WHO has progressively developed algorithms for the …

publication date

  • March 1, 2010