Design and Characterization of Crystalline Thin Film Architectures at the Air-Liquid Interface: Simplicity to Complexity Academic Article uri icon


  • The review represents the fruits of a collaboration between scientists schooled in different disciplines: crystallography, chemistry and physics and whose home bases are far apart. The common playground where they regularly met is the liquid surface X-ray diffractometer at the synchrotron light source Hasylab, Hamburg. In the mid eighties Jens Als-Nielsen and Kristian Kjaer had played a pioneering role in the use of synchrotron X-radiation for the study of crystalline films composed of amphiphilic molecules at the water surface. At the same time Meir Lahav and Leslie Leiserowitz had concluded on the basis of simple crystallization experiments that certain amino acids amphiphiles self assemble into monolayer crystallites on the water surface. Thus a collaborative effort was initiated in 1986 between the groups from Risø and the Weizmann Institute to examine by grazing incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXD) at a bending magnet …

publication date

  • June 13, 2001