Prospects for the development of animal models for the study of bipolar disorder Academic Article uri icon


  • Attitudes towards the study of lithium on behavior in animals and humans have often been influenced by preconceived notions of the nature of psychiatry and psychopharmacologic treatment. Many psychiatrists would like to see psychopharmacological agents as “magic bullets” in a sense similar to antibiotics. Antibiotics are not expected to have effects on organisms that are not infected with bacteria; effects that do occur are seen as side effects unrelated to the mode of action. Thus neuroleptic dopamine-blocking drugs are believed …

publication date

  • January 1, 2007