- Two types of cyanobacteria of the genus Arthrospira (commonly known as Spirulina ) were tested for biosorption of cerium(III) ions from aqueous solutions. An endemic type (ES) found in the northern Negev desert, Israel, and a commercial powder (CS) were used in this study. Biosorption was evaluated as a function of pH, contact time, initial metal concentration, number of sorption-desorption cycles, and salt concentration. The optimum pH range for biosorption was found to be 5.0–5.5. The kinetic characteristics of both Spirulina types were found to be highly compatible with a pseudo-second order kinetic model. The adsorption isotherms of both types were found to be well-suited to Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherms. Maximum biosorption uptakes, according to the Langmuir model, were 18.1 and 38.2 mg/g, for ES and CS, respectively. Sodium chloride concentrations of up to 5 g/L had a minor effect on cerium biosorption. Desorption efficiency was found to be greater than 97% with 0.1 mol/L HNO 3 after three sorption-desorption cycles, without significant loss in the biosorption capacity. The results indicated the feasibility of cerium recovery from industrial wastes using Spirulina biomass.