Efficiently decoding strings from their shingles Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Determining whether an unordered collection of overlapping substrings (called shingles) can be uniquely decoded into a consistent string is a problem that lies within the foundation of a broad assortment of disciplines ranging from networking and information theory through cryptography and even genetic engineering and linguistics. We present three perspectives on this problem: a graph theoretic framework due to Pevzner, an automata theoretic approach from our previous work, and a new insight that yields a time-optimal streaming algorithm for determining whether a string of $n$ characters over the alphabet $\Sigma$ can be uniquely decoded from its two-character shingles. Our algorithm achieves an overall time complexity $\Theta(n)$ and space complexity $O(|\Sigma|)$. As an application, we demonstrate how this algorithm can be extended to larger shingles for efficient string reconciliation.

publication date

  • January 1, 2012