- Case report: A previously healthy 2-year-old girl presented with severe panuveitis in her left eye. She developed chickenpox rash several days later. DNA particles of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) were detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in the aqueous humor. No antiviral regimen was administered. The uveitis resolved completely after 1 week. Comments: Patients with chickenpox should undergo a thorough ophthalmologic examination at the onset of visual symptoms. Clinicians should be aware of the rare occurrence of chickenpox when evaluating a uveitis patient. If there is suspicion of chickenpox, the clinician may consider ordering serology or PCR tests.