Trial of labor and vaginal birth after cesarean section in patients with uterine Müllerian anomalies: a population-based study. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Objective The aim of our study was to determine the success rate of vaginal birth after cesarean section among patients with Müllerian anomalies in comparison to the success rate of vaginal birth after cesarean section in patients with normal uterus with emphasis on the rate of uterine rupture. Study Design A retrospective population-based study was designed, including all patients with a previous cesarean section that attempted vaginal birth after cesarean section during the study period. Women with known Müllerian anomalies were included in the study group. The control group consisted of women with normal uterus. The rates of vaginal birth after cesarean section, uterine rupture, maternal morbidity, and perinatal outcome were compared between the groups. Results Of 5571 eligible patients, 165 (2.96%) had Müllerian anomalies. The rate of vaginal birth after cesarean section was significantly lower among patients with Müllerian anomalies than in patients with normal uterus, 37.6% (62/165) vs 50.7% (2740/5406), respectively (P = .0009). During the study period, there were 10 cases of uterine rupture, all in patients with normal uterus. The major indication for repeated cesarean delivery among Müllerian anomalies patients was malpresentation, 58.3% (60/103) vs 14.4% (385/2666) in patients with normal uterus (P < .001). Conclusion A trial of vaginal birth after cesarean section in patients with uterine Müllerian malformations and cephalic presentation is not associated with a higher rate of maternal morbidity and uterine rupture.

publication date

  • January 1, 2007