Viscous simulation of shock-reflection hysteresis in overexpanded planar nozzles Academic Article uri icon


  • A computational fluid dynamics simulation of the flow in an overexpanded planar nozzle shows the existence of Mach-reflection hysteresis inside the nozzle. Previous simulations have dealt only with the flow outside the nozzle and thus concluded that the hysteresis phenomenon takes place outside the nozzle even when viscous effects are introduced. When including the geometry of the nozzle in the simulation it becomes evident that flow separation will occur before the transition from regular to Mach reflection for all relevant Mach numbers. The simulation reveals complex changes in the flow structure as the pressure ratio between the ambient and the jet is increased and decreased. The pressure along the nozzle wall downstream of the separation point is found to be less than the ambient pressure, and a modification of the Schilling curve fit is suggested for cases of extensive flow separation.

publication date

  • January 1, 2009