- An 8-week-old infant underwent unilateral cataract extraction and posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation for total cataract in the left eye. After surgery, a residual progressive myopic error was observed, ranging from -4.5 diopters (D) 6 months after the operation to -14.0 D at the age of 3 years. Because of parental noncompliance for contact lens and spectacles use, secondary implantation of Artisan phakic IOL of -14.0 D power was performed. No intra- or postoperative complications were observed. Nine months after this second operation, myopia diminished to -3.25 D.