Well-defined quasiparticles in interacting metallic grains. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • We analyze spectral functions of mesoscopic systems with large dimensionless conductance, which can be described by a universal Hamiltonian. We show that an important class of spectral functions are dominated by one single state only, which implies the existence of well-defined (i.e., infinite-lifetime) quasiparticles. Furthermore, the dominance of a single state enables us to calculate zero-temperature spectral functions with high accuracy using the density-matrix renormalization group. We illustrate the use of this method by calculating the tunneling density of states of metallic grains, of which we discuss the crossover from the few-electron to the bulk regime.

publication date

  • January 1, 2004