- Wetting behavior in the (Fe–C–Ti)/sapphire system was studied at 1823 K. The wetting angle between sapphire and Fe–C alloys is higher than 90°(93° and 105° for the alloys with 1.4 and 3.6 at.% C, respectively). The presence of Ti improves the wetting of the iron–carbon alloys, especially for the alloys with carbon content of 3.6 at.%. The addition of 5 at.% Ti to Fe–3.6 at.% C provides a contact angle of about 30°, while the same addition to Fe–1.4 at.% C decreases the wetting angle to 70° only. It was established that the wetting in the systems is controlled by the formation of a titanium oxicarbide layer at the interface, which composition and thickness depend on C and Ti contents in the melt. The experimental observations are well accounted for by a thermodynamic analysis of the Fe–Ti–Al–O–C system.