Preparation and Properties of MgB 2 Thin Films Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The superconducting transition temperature of 140 nm ± 10 nm thin films on sapphire substrates, which were deposited by magnetron sputtering, was around 36 K. Using a magnetization technique, the film's critical current density was estimated as J C = 1.8 × 10 7 А/cm 2 at 10 K, J C = 8 × 10 6 А/m 2 at 20 K in a zero magnetic field B, and J C = 3 × 10 6 А/m 2 at 10 K and B = 5 T. The values of the upper critical magnetic field B c2 and the irreversibility field B irr estimated using the four-probe technique were B C2 (22 K) = 15 T when H||film surface, 11 T when H⊥film surface, and B irr (22 K) = 11 T when H||film surface. The X-ray study showed that the microstructure of the film contains only MgB 2 and MgO (in minority). The SEM and EPXMA study and quantitative Auger spectroscopy analysis revealed periodical variations of the film composition on the nanolevel and the presence of (mainly) two intercalated Mg-B-O-C phases of slightly different, especially in oxygen content, and thus with different conductivity and, possibly, with different T C . The characteristics of superconducting magnesium diboride films make them promising for application in electronic devices, e.g., as high-pass filters.

publication date

  • January 1, 2018