Food and agriculture robotics Academic Article uri icon


  • Robots can be applied to all food production phases, from field operations for a variety of agricultural tasks such as cultivating, transplanting, spraying, trimming, and selective harvesting; to inspection and quality sorting; to processing or packaging operations. Food and agricultural robots have the potential of raising the quality of the produce, lowering production costs, and reducing the drudgery of manual labor. Many techniques for automation and mechanization of farm machinery have been developed and commercialized, such as combine harvesters, tree shakers, and sprayers. However, these automatic machines are limited to once-over harvesting, usually of fruit directed to processing markets. Picking of fresh-market fruit is not possible using existing machines due to excessive mechanical damage and lack of selective handling capabilities. Despite the …

publication date

  • January 1, 2007