Evidence against superoxide involvement in tyrosine hydroxylation by mushroom tyrosinase Academic Article uri icon


  • The possible involvement of superoxide anions in the hydroxylation of tyrosine by mushroom tyrosinase was studied. Superoxide dismutase and scavengers of superoxide ions of smaller MW than superoxide dismutase, such as nitroblue tetrazolium and copper salicylate, had no direct effect on the monohydroxyphenolase activity of mushroom tyrosinase. The kinetics of tyrosine hydroxylation, but not of DOPA oxidation, by mushroom tyrosinase was atrected by the addition of a xanthine-xanthine oxidase system. In the presence of the xanthine-xanthine oxidase system, the lag period of tyrosine hydroxylation was shortened compared to the lag period in the absence of the xanthine-xanthine oxidase system. The xanthine-xanthine oxidase system alone (without mushroom tyrosinase) had no effect on tyrosine conversion to dopachrome. Superoxide dismutase, catalase and …

publication date

  • January 1, 1983