- Abstract We propose the notion of a structural bias inherent in a parsing system with respect to the language it is aiming to parse. This structural bias characterizes the behaviour of a parsing system in terms of structures it tends to under-and over-produce. We propose a Boosting-based method for uncovering some of the structural bias inherent in parsing systems. We then apply our method to four English dependency parsers (an Arc-Eager and Arc-Standard transition-based parsers, and first-and second-order graph-based parsers). We show that all four parsers are biased with respect to the kind of annotation they are trained to parse. We present a detailed analysis of the biases that highlights specific differences and commonalities between the parsing systems, and improves our understanding of their strengths and weaknesses.