Modelling of nitric acid gas adsorption by atmospheric dust particles Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • AbstractWe suggest a two-dimensional model of adsorption of trace atmospheric gases by mineral dust particles with origin from desert soils. The model is based on the application of theory of turbulent diffusion in the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) in conjunction with the model of gas adsorption by porous solid particles. The numerical model is formulated using parameterizations based on eolian (by wind) dust emission experiments. The eolian field experiments were performed at a dust source (loess soil in Northern Negev, Israel) using a portable boundary layer wind tunnel to determine the emitted particulate matter (PM) fluxes for different wind speeds and varying soil conditions. The numerical analysis is performed for the adsorption of gas-phase HNO3 by dust PM. We determined numerically concentration distributions of the atmospheric dust PM, and trace gas using shear velocity and emitted dust flux from the soils employed in the experiments. Analysis was performed for the case of neutral and slightly...

publication date

  • January 1, 2019