Amisulpride versus moclobemide in treatment of clozapine-induced hypersalivation Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Objectives. Previous publications demonstrated substitute benzamides as effective agents in treatment of clozapine-induced sialorrhea (CIS). The aim of this study was to compare effi cacy of amisulpride and moclobemide (both from the substitute benzamide group) in controlling, or at least minimizing, CIS. Methods. The study was designed as a 6-week, two-center, fi xed-dose, comparison study of 400 mg/day of amisulpride versus 300 mg/day of moclobemide as an adjunctive treatment in 53 schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder patients (diagnosed according to DSM-IV) suffering from CIS. The patients were treated with each medication during 2 weeks, followed by a washout period of 2 weeks. Primary outcome measures included the reduction in the fi ve-point Nocturnal Hypersalivation Rating Scale (NHRS). Secondary outcomes included the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), Manic State Assessment Scale, and Extrapyramidal Symptom Rating Scale (ESRS). Results. Both amisulpride and moclobemide were very effective in reducing CIS. Almost 74% of patients treated with amisulpride and 83% of patients treated with moclobemide showed some level of improvement on NHRS. Only in one patient treated with amisulpride, CIS worsened. Conclusions. Both medications were safe and effective as treatment of CIS. Although moclobemide exceeded amisulpride in antisalivation activity, treatment of CIS with amisul-pride leads to improvement in psychotic symptoms.

publication date

  • January 1, 2011