Waves in nonlinear lattices: Ultrashort optical pulses and bose-einstein condensates Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The nonlinear Schrödinger equation i (partial differential)(z)A(z,x,t)+(inverted Delta)(2)(x,t)A+[1+m(kappax)]|A|2A=0 models the propagation of ultrashort laser pulses in a planar waveguide for which the Kerr nonlinearity varies along the transverse coordinate x, and also the evolution of 2D Bose-Einstein condensates in which the scattering length varies in one dimension. Stability of bound states depends on the value of kappa=beamwidth/lattice period. Wide (kappa>1) and kappa=O(1) bound states centered at a maximum of m(x) are unstable, as they violate the slope condition. Bound states centered at a minimum of m(x) violate the spectral condition, resulting in a drift instability. Thus, a nonlinear lattice can only stabilize narrow bound states centered at a maximum of m(x). Even in that case, the stability region is so small that these bound states are "mathematically stable" but "physically unstable."

publication date

  • January 1, 2006