Open-sphere designs for spherical microphone arrays Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Spherical microphone arrays have been studied for a wide range of applications, one of which is acoustic measurement and analysis. Since a minimal interaction between the array and the measured sound field is an advantage in this case, open-sphere arrays are preferable compared to rigid-sphere arrays. However, it has been shown that open-sphere arrays suffer from numerical ill-conditioning at frequencies which correspond to the nodal values of the spatial spherical modes with the result of excessive noise at these frequencies. A method for overcoming this problem using an open dual-sphere array is proposed in this correspondence and then investigated and compared to an array configured around a rigid sphere and an array composed of cardioid microphones. An optimal value for the ratio of the two spheres is derived, and simulation examples illustrating the advantage of the dual-sphere array are finally presented

publication date

  • January 1, 2007