- Nine (5.1%) of 175 patients with advanced disseminated diffuse aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma presented with renal involvement and were initially treated with combination chemotherapy alone. These patients were classified as having renal involvement based on histologic and radiographic criteria. Five of the nine patients presented with a serum creatinine level greater than 2.5 mg/dL. Four patients achieved a complete remission of all systemic disease. Eight patients had complete resolution of renal involvement. Two patients later had recurrent renal disease associated with other sites of recurrence. All five patients who presented with an elevated serum creatinine level recovered normal renal function; in fact, four patients had normal renal function by the end of the first cycle of therapy. No patient required hemodialysis. Only one patient remains alive and free of disease at 55 months; five patients have died with disseminated disease; two patients have died without evidence of disease; and one patient was lost to follow-up while in remission. Initial local control of renal involvement including normalization of renal function in diffuse aggressive lymphoma can be rapidly achieved by combination chemotherapy alone.