Kupat Holim, Dr. Isaac Max Rubinow, and the American Zionist Medical Unit's experiment to establish health care services in Palestine, 1918-1923 Academic Article uri icon


  • In 1920 a meeting took place in Palestine, 1 then under British rule, between Dr. David De Sola Pool, manager of American philanthropic funds for the Jewish community in Palestine, and Abraham Hartsfeld, a representative of Kupat Holim—the Hebrew Workers' Sick Fund. 2 They had a stormy discussion about the amount of funding to be allocated for [End Page 28] the provision of health services to the workers. In the course of the dispute, Dr. De Sola Pool lost his temper and slapped Mr. Hartsfeld. This incident caused great indignation and led to an immediate response: a boycott of the American organizations active in the field of health services in the country. The workers demanded the removal of the American Zionist Medical Unit (AZMU) directed by Dr. Isaac Rubinow, which had been working in Palestine under the auspices of the Women's Zionist Organization of America (Hadassah) and was funded by …

publication date

  • January 1, 1998