Asymmetry of daily temperature records Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Abstract The authors study the NCEP–NCAR reanalysis temperature records and find that surface daily mean temperature cools rapidly and warms gradually at the midlatitudes (around 40° N and 40° S). This “asymmetry” is partially related to the midlatitude cyclone activity, in which cold fronts are significantly faster and steeper than warm fronts, and to intrusions of cold air. The gradual warming may be attributed also to the radiative relaxation to average atmospheric conditions after the passage of cold fronts or other intrusions of cold air. At the high latitudes there is an opposite asymmetry with rapid warming and gradual cooling; this asymmetry may be attributed to the radiative relaxation to average cold atmospheric conditions after the passage of warm fronts or intrusions of warm air.

publication date

  • January 1, 2008