- The goal of this study was to assess the susceptibility of the sub-population of over 500,000 immigrants from the former USSR who came to Israel during 1989-94 to HAV infection, and to provide military physicians with estimates of the prevalence of HBV and HCV carriage in this sub-population. 987 males aged 17-49 and 195 females aged 17-19, reporting to military recruitment offices between December 1991 and March 1992 were tested. Anti-HAV, anti-HBV antibodies and hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) were detected by using standard enzyme immunoassay (EIA) tests, and anti-HCV antibodies by a second-generation EIA and confirmed by a third-generation INNO-LIA test. It was found that in the 17-19-year age-group the prevalence of anti-HAV antibodies was 37%, anti-HBV was 12.8%, HBsAg was 3.0% and anti-HCV 1.3%. All markers were higher among males. The prevalence of anti-HAV and anti-HBs antibodies increased with age among males. That of HBsAg and anti-HCV antibodies increased with age overall. In the multiple logistic regression analysis, HAV and HBV seropositivity were significantly associated with the mother's education and republic of origin. It was concluded that the prevalence of anti-HAV antibodies is similar to that among the local population, which should not be considered at a higher risk of infection during military service. On the other hand, the higher prevalence of HBsAg and anti-HCV antibodies in this sub-population should heighten the awareness of the possibility of chronic liver pathology.