Spin locking in liquid entrapped in nanocavities: application to study connective tissues Academic Article uri icon


  • Study of the spin-lattice relaxation in the spin-locking state offers important information about atomic and molecular motions, which cannot be obtained by spin lattice relaxation in strong external magnetic fields. The application of this technique for the investigation of the spin-lattice relaxation in biological samples with fibril structures reveals an anisotropy effect for the relaxation time under spin locking, T 1 ρ . To explain the anisotropy of the spin-lattice relaxation under spin-locking in connective tissue a model which represents a tissue by a set of nanocavities containing water is used. The developed model allows us to estimate the correlation time for water molecular motion in articular cartilage, τ c = 30 μ s and the averaged nanocavity volume, V ≃ 5400 nm 3 . Based on the developed model which represents a connective tissue by a set of nanocavities containing water, a good agreement with the experimental data from an articular cartilage and a tendon was demonstrated. The fitting parameters were obtained for each layer in each region of the articular cartilage. These parameters vary with the known anatomic microstructures of the tissue. Through Gaussian distributions to nanocavity directions, we have calculated the anisotropy of the relaxation time under spin locking T 1 ρ for a human Achilles tendon specimen and an articular cartilage. The value of the fitting parameters obtained at matching of calculation to experimental results can be used in future investigations for characterizing the fine fibril structure of biological samples.

publication date

  • December 1, 2018