Ns-duration transient Bragg gratings in silica fibers Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • We demonstrate, for the first time to our knowledge, fast all-optical switching in standard silica fibers, based on a transient Bragg grating. The grating is implemented in the fiber using an immunization photo-pretreatment process, followed by side illumination with femtosecond laser pulses through a suitable phase mask. Each pulse is nonlinearly absorbed, creating a thermal grating that is washed out by thermal diffusion. Reflections measured from such gratings are characterized by a very fast rise time, nanoseconds duration, and a high extinction ratio.

publication date

  • January 1, 2017