- Hydroxyapatite (HA) is the major component of bone and is used in artificial form in many biomedical applications. It was once believed to have a centrosymmetric crystal structure. In theoretical and experimental studies published in 2005, it was shown to have a monoclinic P21 structure. In the work reported here, 500 nm films of HA were spin-coated on silicon wafers. The materials were not poled. They had a nonuniform polarization distribution and exhibited pyroelectricity, piezoelectricity, and photoeffects. Structures of this type may have a number of technological applications.