Depressed IL-1 production by chronic GVHD dermal fibroblasts. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Chronic Graft-versus-Host disease (GVHD) is characterized by overt immunosuppression. In addition, the skin is a major anatomical site affected in chronic GVHD for reasons not yet known. Increased collagen deposition, a mononuclear cell infiltrate in the dermis as well as loss of fat and appendages, are observed in the skin. The inflammatory cytokine IL-1 was shown to affect fibroblast proliferation and secretory activities. In the present study, IL-1 generation by dermal fibroblasts, of chronic GVHD or control mice, was assessed. It was shown that two sequential signals are needed for IL-1 generation by dermal fibroblasts; priming by lymphokines/cytokines followed by a challenge with LPS. A variety of recombinant lymphokines and cytokines (G/M-CSF, IL-2, TNF, IL-1 beta and IFNs alpha, beta and gamma) were shown to be efficient in priming dermal fibroblasts for IL-1 generation. IL-1 activity in dermal fibroblasts, most probably of the IL-1 alpha species, was located in frozen-thawed cell lysates or associated to the cell membrane, though not secreted into the culture fluids. Dermal fibroblasts from chronic GVHD mice manifested a pronounced depression in IL-1 generation upon stimulation with exogenous lymphokines/cytokines and LPS. This was observed over a wide range of concentrations of lymphokines/cytokines and LPS. The depressed ability of chronic GVHD fibroblasts to generate IL-1 was pronounced even after few passages of the cells in vitro, and upon stimulation in culture outside the suppressive milieu of the animal.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

publication date

  • January 1, 1990