- The incidence of tuberculosis (TB) has been increasing worldwide. While the incidence in the young is lower than in adults, it mirrors that of the adult population. Infants do not exhibit typical symptoms, and may present with only a low-grade fever and a mild cough which resolves within a few days. Often physical examination is within normal limits. Over the past year we diagnosed TB, confirmed by culture and histology, in 6 children under 2 years of age. We wish to increase awareness among pediatricians of the clinical forms of this disease in children.