Size-dependent spin state and ferromagnetism in La0.8Ca0.2CoO3nanoparticles Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Magnetic and structural properties of nanocrystalline low-doped La0.8Ca0.2CoO3 cobaltites with particle size of 8, 13, 23, and 50 nm, prepared by the glycine-nitrate method, were investigated in temperature range 5–320 K, magnetic field up to 50 kOe and under hydrostatic pressure up to 10 kbar. With particle downsizing, a noticeable expansion of unit cell, with concomitant changes in the rhombohedral structure toward the cubic one was observed. It was found that the increased surface-disorder effect strongly suppresses the ferromagnetic state in La0.8Ca0.2CoO3 nanoparticles leading to a decrease, by factor of about 2, both in spontaneous magnetization, MS, and Curie temperature, TC, when particle’s size decreases from 23 to 8 nm. The effective magnetic moment μeff was found also to decrease distinctly due to the strong interdependence between Co–O–Co interactions and Co spin state. The size-induced magnetic disorder drives the La0.8Ca0.2CoO3 nanoparticles to a dominant glassy behavior for 8 nm particles. ...

publication date

  • January 1, 2010