- A series of amphiphilic lipopeptides, ALPs, consisting of an alternating hydrophilic and hydrophobic amino acid residue sequence coupled to a phospholipid tail, was designed to form supramolecular assemblies composed of β-sheet monolayers decorated by lipid tails at the air−water interface. A straightforward synthetic approach based on solid-phase synthesis, followed by an efficient purification protocol was used to prepare the lipid−peptide conjugates. Structural insight into the organization of monolayers was provided by surface pressure versus area isotherms, circular dichroism, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and Brewster angle microscopy. In situ grazing-incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXD) revealed that lipopeptides six to eight amino acids in length form a new type of 2D self-organized monolayers that exhibit β-sheet ribbons segregated by lipid tails. The conclusions drawn from the experimental findings were supported by a representative model based on molecular dynamics simulations of amphiphilic lipopeptides at the vacuum−water interface.