Role of sonication pre-treatment and cation valence in nano-cellulose suspensions sol-gel transition Academic Article uri icon


  • Sol-gel transition of carboxylated cellulose nanocrystals is investigated using rheology, SAXS, NMR and optical spectroscopies to unveil the distinctive roles of ultrasounds treatment and ions addition. Besides cellulose fibers fragmentation, sonication treatment induces fast gelling of the solution. Gelation is induced independently on the addition of cations, while the final rheological properties are highly influenced by the type, the concentration as well as on the sequence of the operations since salts must be added before sonication to produce stiff gels. Cations with various charge and dimension have been associated to ultrasounds to induce gelation and the gel elastic modulus increase proportionally with the charge over the ion size ratio. SAXS analysis of the Na+ hydrogel and Ca2+ hydrogel to which the ion was added after sonication shows the presence of …

publication date

  • January 1, 2017