### abstract

- This paper presents a parametric solution to the problem of estimating the orientation in space of a planar textured surface, from a single observed image of it. The coordinate transformation from surface to image coordinates, due to the perspective projection, transforms each homogeneous sinusoidal component of the surface texture into a sinusoid whose frequency is a function of location. Using the phase differencing algorithm we fit a polynomial phase model to a sinusoidal component of the observed texture. Assuming the estimated polynomial coefficients are the coefficients of a Taylor series expansion of the phase, we establish a linear recursive relation between the model parameters and the unknown slant and tilt. A linear least squares solution of the resulting system provides the slant and tilt estimates. To improve accuracy, an iterative refinement procedure is applied in a small neighborhood of these estimates. The combined two-stage algorithm is shown to produce estimates that are close to the Cramer-Rao bound, at a computational complexity which is considerably lower than that of any existing algorithm.