Role of calcium and calmodulin in ciliary stimulation induced by acetylcholine Academic Article uri icon


  • The goal of this work was to elucidate the molecular events underlying stimulation of ciliary beat frequency (CBF) induced by acetylcholine (ACh) in frog esophagus epithelium. ACh induces a profound increase in CBF and in intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) through M1 and M3 muscarinic receptors. The [Ca2+]i slowly decays to the basal level, while CBF stabilizes at an elevated level. These results suggest that ACh triggers Ca2+-correlated and -uncorrelated modes of ciliary stimulation. ACh response is abolished by the phospholipase C (PLC) inhibitor U-73122 and by depletion of intracellular Ca2+ stores but is unaffected by reduction of extracellular Ca2+ concentration and by blockers of Ca2+influx. Therefore, ACh activates PLC and mobilizes Ca2+solely from intracellular stores. The calmodulin inhibitors W-7 and calmidazolium attenuate the ACh-induced increase in [Ca2+]i but completely abolish the elevation in CBF. Therefore, elevation of [Ca2+]i is necessary for CBF enhancement but does not lead di...

publication date

  • January 1, 2001