Acquired resistance to 6-thioguanine in melanoma cells involves the repair enzyme O6- methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT). Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • O6 - methyguanine- DNA methyltransferase (MGMT), is a DNA repair enzyme that recognizes O6-alkylated guanine, a base analog resulting from treatment with alkylating agents. O6 -6-thioguanine (6-TG) is used clinically to treat malignant as well as inflammatory diseases. Although MGMT participates in resistance to alkylating agents, it has not been shown to be involved in resistance of tumors to 6-TG. In this study we used a human melanoma cell line (GA) and its selected 6-TG drug resistant variant (GA-6-TG) to investigate whether MGMT plays a role in determining the drug resistant phenotype of GA-6-TG cells. We showed that GA- 6-TG resistant cells express about three fold more MGMT protein and mRNA than GA cells. Treatment with 6-TG diminishes significantly MGMT amounts in both cell lines. Increased amounts of MGMT in resistant cells, are consistent with hypermethylation of the MGMT gene coding- region. Pretreatment of cells with the MGMT inhibitor O6 benzyl guanine, resulted in sensitization of GA-6-TG ce...

publication date

  • January 1, 2010