Modulation of cardiac macrophages by phosphatidylserine-presenting liposomes improves infarct repair Academic Article uri icon


  • Herein we investigated a new strategy for the modulation of cardiac macrophages to a reparative state, at a predetermined time after myocardial infarction (MI), in aim to promote resolution of inflammation and elicit infarct repair. The strategy employed intravenous injections of phosphatidylserine (PS)-presenting liposomes, mimicking the anti-inflammatory effects of apoptotic cells. Following PS-liposome uptake by macrophages in vitro and in vivo, the cells secreted high levels of anti-inflammatory cytokines [transforming growth factor β (TGFβ) and interleukin 10 (IL-10)] and upregulated the expression of the mannose receptor— CD206, concomitant with downregulation of proinflammatory markers, such as tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) and the surface marker CD86. In a rat model of acute MI, targeting of PS-presenting liposomes to infarct macrophages after injection via the femoral vein …

publication date

  • February 1, 2011