Phorbol ester synergizes with Ca2+ ionophore in activation of protein kinase C (PKC) alpha and PKC beta isoenzymes in human T cells and in induction of related c... Academic Article uri icon


  • Studies described herein were designed to examine the effects of 12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol-13-acetate (TPA), and a Ca2+ ionophore (ionomycin), singly or in combination, on the activation and expression of the Ca (2+)-dependent protein kinase C (PKC) isoenzymes (alpha, beta and gamma) at the protein and messenger RNA (mRNA) levels in T cells. These two agents induce the activation and proliferation of T lymphocytes by mimicking the action of inositol phospholipid-derived second messengers normally generated by triggering of the antigen-specific T-cell receptor (TcR)/CD3 complex. TPA-induced T-cell proliferation, expression of interleukin-2 receptor-alpha subunit (IL-2R alpha) and transferrin receptor, CD3 down-regulation and, lastly, the cytosol-to-membrane PKC translocation (determined by an enzymatic assay or by immunoblotting with a cross-reactive anti-PKC peptide …

publication date

  • July 1, 1992