Disseminated intravascular coagulation after cerastes vipera envenomation in a 3-year-old child: a case report. Academic Article uri icon


  • This study presents a case of severe disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) in a 3-year-old child following envenomation by the snake, Cerastes vipera. A literature search revealed very few similar cases. We describe a child who was bitten in his left foot by a snake identified as a C. vipera. Initial symptoms were relatively benign. Local signs included a hemorrhagic vesicle at the site of the bite with marked swelling of the entire leg. Twenty-four hours later, the child developed severe bleeding due to DIC, which lasted 5 days and required repeated administration of blood and blood products and total exchange transfusion. The patient was discharged from the hospital after 7 days in good condition. To the best of our knowledge, severe DIC following envenomation by a C. vipera has not been previously described in the literature. Treatment was essentially supportive. The case report indicates that a specific antivenin against this snake's venom should be made available in our area.

publication date

  • January 1, 2000