DW-MAC: a low latency, energy efficient demand-wakeup MAC protocol for wireless sensor networks Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Duty cycling is a widely used mechanism in wireless sensor networks (WSNs) to reduce energy consumption due to idle listening, but this mechanism also introduces additional latency in packet delivery. Several schemes have been proposed to mitigate this latency, but they are mainly optimized for light traffic loads. A WSN, however, could often experience bursty and high traffic loads, such as due to broadcast or convergecast traffic. In this paper, we present a new MAC protocol, called Demand Wakeup MAC (DW-MAC), that introduces a new low-overhead scheduling algorithm that allows nodes to wake up on demand during the Sleep period of an operational cycle and ensures that data transmissions do not collide at their intended receivers. This demand wakeup adaptively increases effective channel capacity during an operational cycle as traffic load increases, allowing DW-MAC to …

publication date

  • May 26, 2008