The immunobiology of metastatic processes: Analysis of NK sensitivity and the metastatic potential of H-2 gene transfected fibrosarcoma cells Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The transformation of a potentially neoplastic cell into an autonomous highly malignant and metastatic tumor cell involves a multifactorial cascade of events. This will eventually lead not only to the emergence of a tumor cell with an unlimited potential of replication, but more important will contribute to its ability to ignore and evade homeostatic immune and nonimmune regulatory mechanisms. Specifically, those mechanisms which may restrict and direct its growth, dissemination, patterns of differentiation and interaction with the cellular and humoral factors comprising its environment. In the present studies we have investigated the contribution of three major factors which may be the cause or result of alterations at the level of the cell membrane: MHC encoded antigen expression, susceptibility to the cytolytic activity of NK cells and enhanced expression of the c-K-ras proto-oncogene, as to their development of the metastatic capacity of a malignant cell. To address these questions we used metastatic (IE7) and nonmetastatic (IC9) variants of the murine 3-methylcholanthrene-induced T-10 fibrosarcoma. Using this system, the following major conceptually important observations were made: (A) The restoration by transfection of the expression of membrane associated H-2K encoded glycoproteins abrogates the metastatic capacity of the highly metastatic tumor cell clone, IE7, irrespective of the degree of susceptibility to NK or c-K-ras oncogene expression.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

publication date

  • January 1, 1988