Locality and availability of array codes constructed from subspaces Academic Article uri icon


  • Ever-increasing amounts of data are created and processed in internet-scale companies such as Google, Facebook, and Amazon. The efficient storage of such copious amounts of data has thus become a fundamental and acute problem in modern computing. No single machine can possibly satisfy such immense storage demands. Therefore, distributed storage systems (DSS), which rely on tens of thousands of storage nodes, are the only viable solution. Such systems are broadly used in all modern internet-scale systems. However, the design of a DSS poses a number of crucial challenges, markedly different from single-user storage systems. Such systems must be able to reconstruct the data efficiently, to overcome failure of servers, to correct errors, etc. Lots of research was done in the last few years to answer these challenges and the research is increasing in parallel to the increasing amount of stored data. The main goal of this paper is to consider codes which have two of the most important features of distributed storage systems, namely, locality and availability. Our codes are array codes which are based on subspaces of a linear space over a finite field. We present several constructions of such codes which are q-analog to some of the known block codes. Some of these codes possess independent intellectual merit. We examine the locality and availability of the constructed codes. In particular we distinguish between two types of locality and availability, node vs. symbol, locality and availability. To our knowledge this is the first time that such a distinction is given in the literature.

publication date

  • January 1, 2017