Role of the self in schizophrenia: a multidimensional examination of short-term outcomes. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The manifestation, course, and prognosis of schizophrenia are extremely variable, raising an interest in the role of personality and self-concept in the illness' outcome. Building on voluminous research attesting to the fragility and instability of the self in schizophrenia, we examined the role of four self-concept aspects—self-esteem level, self-esteem instability, self-concept clarity, and the perception of the self as ill—in schizophrenia-spectrum disorders. Eighty-nine outpatients were assessed at baseline, and five days subsequently, regarding these self-concept aspects, symptoms, stress, and quality of life. Six weeks later, participants were again assessed using the baseline battery. Self-esteem instability predicted a decrease in quality of life over the study period. Self-concept clarity predicted an increase in quality of life and in positive symptoms, particularly under low stress. Depressive symptoms predicted a decrease in self-esteem levels and an increase in the perception of the self as i...

publication date

  • January 1, 2012