Synthesis and characterization of a nanostructured porous silicon/carbon dot-hybrid for orthogonal molecular detection Academic Article uri icon


  • Abstract A new hybrid guest–host material consisting of a Fabry–Pérot porous silicon (PSi) thin film, a nanostructured high surface-area matrix, and encapsulated fluorescent carbon quantum dots (C-dots) is described. The hybrid is synthesized by a facile in situ pyrolysis treatment of the carbonaceous precursor incorporated within the nanoscale pores of the inorganic host. The effects of nanoconfinement on the integrity of the C-dots and their optical properties are characterized. We show that the resulting hybrid allows for label-free optical detection of target molecules using two orthogonal modalities, that is, the white-light reflectivity of the PSi matrix and the fluorescence of the confined C-dots, and these two signals can be observed and collected simultaneously. The resulting hybrid system exhibits superior sensing performance in comparison with that of the individual components …

publication date

  • January 12, 2018