Trends in Shigella outbreaks in the Israeli military over 15 years Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • A retrospective analysis was performed in order to detect trends in the role of Shigella in diarrheal outbreaks in the Israel Defense Force (IDF) over a 15-year period. Diarrhea was defined as the passage of three or more watery stools within a 24-h period. Diarrheal outbreaks were defined as events meeting any one of the following three defining criteria:(i) ten or more persons in a single unit developing diarrhea in a single day;(ii) 15 or more persons in a single unit developing diarrhea over a 2-day period; or (iii) 25% of the personnel in a single unit developing diarrhea within a 7-day period. Diarrheal outbreaks are a notifiable disease in the IDF, and the reporting mechanism, which remained unchanged throughout the study period, is comprehensive and nearly complete. Laboratory investigation of outbreaks is a routine component of the epidemiologic investigation, and …

publication date

  • January 1, 2005